What Are Hemp Cannabinoids
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What Are Hemp Cannabinoids?
The hemp plant has captured the curiosity of people and scientists all over the world for decades, and it’s easy to see why. Hemp is a complex plant containing over 400 naturally occurring chemical compounds, and some of those compounds are cannabinoids.
So what exactly are cannabinoids and what do they do? The most well-known cannabinoid is CBD, but that’s just 1 out of 100 different types, each with their own unique way of interacting with the body. Cannabinoids like CBG, CBN, and Delta 8 THC are just a few that have piqued the interest of the science community.
Keep reading to find out what we’ve learned so far.
Cannabigerol is a minor cannabinoid since it can be found in trace amounts in all hemp plants. This compound is one of the fundamental building blocks of other cannabinoids like CBD and THC, which is why it’s considered to be “The Mother of Cannabinoids”.
The reason for this moniker is because other cannabinoids come from the acidic form of CBG, known as CBGA or cannabigerolic acid. CBGA appears early on in the plant’s development, and as the plant grows, enzymes break down CBGA turning it into CBG, CBD, and THC. Outside of helping to make other cannabinoids possible, cannabigerol has some more traits that researchers are eager to learn more about, like how the cannabinoid interacts with the body.
Cannabinol is another minor cannabinoid that forms as tetrahydrocannabinol degrades. CBN has about 1/4th the amount of THC, so it’s not enough to create any psychoactive effects.
Unfortunately, the amount of research done on this possible effect is few and far between, and all the studies have been conducted on rodents. Still, what we’ve found out so far is pretty interesting. Here’s the most well-known study on CBN from 1975, where researchers observed CBN’s sedation effect on mice, combined with another cannabinoid.
Cannabidiol is another prominent compound from the hemp plant. The interest in CBD stems from the array of potential uses. In fact, there has already been one FDA approved medication for the use in epilepsy.
Epidiolex was approved after several studies were conducted on CBD and seizures. One double-blind study tested 225 patients with Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome from 30 different clinical centers. Participants were either given CBD or a placebo, and the results were eye-opening.
Delta 8 tetrahydrocannabinol is another minor cannabinoid that develops as delta 9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) degrades. The chemical changes that create delta 8 leave it with significantly reduced psychoactive effects, but it has other unique properties that have researchers intrigued. For example, one 2018 study looked into delta 8 and corneal injury.
There’s always more to learn
More research is needed in order to fully understand cannabinoids and their effects on the body, but what we know so far is intriguing. You can stay up-to-date with the latest news and findings on cannabinoids by subscribing to our blog today.