A lot of CBD companies are now offering products in Broad Spectrum and Full Spectrum options. The popularity of these CBD options are rising due to the cannabinoid spectrum range they offer. *see disclaimer below
How CBD Spectrum Products Are Created
Typically, a whole, dried hemp plant is processed by a CO2 extraction method that uses lower temperatures to extract the oil. What is extracted from the plant is cannabinoids (like CBD and CBG), flavonoids, and terpenes. This is a preferred method because the lower temperatures prevents the loss of cannabinoids. Because of the way these spectrum oils are created, they may have a strong natural odor and flavor.
Full Spectrum CBD
Full Spectrum is also referred to as “whole plant’ products, as this oil has everything the hemp plant contains. This means it has a range of cannabinoids, but it also has naturally occurring terpenes, flavonoids, fatty acids, and essential oils. All of these elements on their own have therapeutic value, and when combined you get what is called the “entourage effect”.
Another highlight of Full Spectrum Oil is it goes through the least amount of processing. This leaves you with an oil that gives you the most the hemp plant can offer. For those seeking to get the most out of their CBD product, Full Spectrum is definitely one to look at.
The biggest thing to consider with Full Spectrum Oil is it does contain trace amounts of THC. Up to 0.3% of this psychoactive cannabinoid can be found in these products, so for those sensitive to THC or those who can’t have THC in their system one should consider Broad Spectrum instead. Full Spectrum can also have a sedative effect depending on the individual. It’s best not to drive or operate machinery when using these products.
Broad Spectrum CBD
To get Broad Spectrum CBD, the full spectrum oil is put through another extraction process where all of the THC cannabinoid is removed. This process leaves the other cannabinoids such as CBG and CBN, as well as the enriching terpenes.
These products are ideal for anyone who is sensitive to THC, or those who can’t have any traces of THC in their system. They still offer the entourage effects you get with full spectrum, but without any chances of ingesting THC.
The one downside to Broad Spectrum is the lack of research done on this particular spectrum combination. From the studies that have been done on just CBD and those on full spectrum, the up and coming Broad Spectrum CBD choices show great promise with their cannabinoid family.
One of the best places you can learn about cannabinoids is from research and studies.
This study done from 2015 examined individual cannabinoids versus a spectrum range of cannabinoids.
Gallily, R., Yekhtin, Z. and Hanuš, L.O. (2015) Pharmacology & Pharmacy, 6, 75‐85.
*The FDA has not evaluated these statements, and this article is not intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any diseases or ailments. Always check with your doctor before starting any new routine.